You came to know that for car speakers, you’ll have to choose between a 2-ohm and a 4-ohm speaker. But what is the difference between 2 ohm and 4 ohm car speakers? Is it only about sound quality, or it’s just the volume level?
Well, the major difference between these two speakers is the electrical resistance. 4-ohm units come with higher electrical resistance than 2-ohm units. As a result, due to less resistance, 2-ohm speakers require more power than 4-ohm ones.
Is that the only difference between these two speakers? Nope! There are plenty more that we’ve discussed in this comparison guide. Take a look!
Understanding the ohm can make it easy for you to understand the differences between 2-ohm and 4-ohm speakers.
The ohm is the unit to measure the impedance.
Well then, what’s impedance?
Impedance indicates the load a speaker will put on the amplifier. To make it simpler, the lower the impedance, the lower the electrical resistance; hence, the more power the speaker will draw.
That means lower ohm results in higher electricity consumption due to less resistance. The majority of automotive speakers are either 2 or 4 ohms. Having that said, there are some exceptions. A few speakers come in at 1 ohm as well.
Head-to-Head Comparison: 2-ohm Vs. 4-ohm Car Speakers
Now that you know a little bit about the ohm and impedance, it’s time to get into the major differences between these two automotive speakers.
One of the major things that separate 2-ohm speakers from 4-ohm speakers is the electrical resistance. As mentioned before, a lower ohm indicates low resistance.
Electrical resistance in 4-ohm speakers is 4; therefore, less electricity will flow into these speakers.
On the other hand, the electrical resistance in 2-ohm speakers is 2; hence, electricity flow will be high in those speakers.
This difference in the electrical resistance affects the sound quality, power consumption, volume, and durability of the speakers, which we’ll get into shortly.
There is a big difference in volume between these two car speakers. 2-ohm speakers have more electricity flow, drawing high power from the amplifier. And that results in higher volume.
Whereas 4-ohm speakers have low electricity flow due to higher resistance; thus, they draw less power, resulting in low volume.
Even though 2-ohm speakers are superior to 4-ohm speakers in terms of volume, that’s not the case when it comes down to sound quality.
The audio quality of 4-ohm speakers is far better than 2-ohm units.
As long as you make sure the speaker quality is up to the notch, you’ll get crispy, clean, ear-pleasing audio from a 4-ohm speaker. That’s something you can’t expect from a 2-ohm speaker.
Having that said, if you could pair a very powerful amplifier and make some changes, a 2-ohm speaker might also deliver quality sound.
As you already know, 4-ohm speakers require less power than 2-ohm units; it’s suitable for all the stock amplifiers of vehicles.
Whereas a 2-ohm speaker isn’t going to fit in with most of the vehicle’s stock amplifiers. They require high power; therefore, you’ll need to replace the old amplifier with a powerful one.
To give you an example, if the vehicle comes with a 100-watt amplifier, a 4-ohm speaker will work fine. It won’t put any pressure on the amp.
But the same amplifier won’t be perfect for a 2-ohm unit. If the 4-ohm unit requires 100-watt, 2-ohm will need at least a 200-watt amplifier.
It’s not that 2-ohm units won’t work with a 100-watt amp. 2-ohm speakers will draw more power from the amp, putting high pressure on it.
As a result, fuses might blow, or the amp’s protection service might shut the amp down to protect it. In the worst-case scenario, the amp might even explode.
When it comes down to cost, 4-ohm takes the trophy!
2-ohm speakers come with many customization options, which is something 4-ohm units lack. Plus, these speakers are louder compared to 4-ohm ones. Due to these reasons, a 2-ohm speaker is more expensive than the other one.
Not only that, most of the vehicles don’t come with a suitable amplifier to power up a 2-ohm speaker. Therefore, if you’re out of luck and your vehicle doesn’t have a suitable amp for the speaker, you’ll need to buy one, which will add some extra cost.
It’s hard to say which one’s the most durable as it depends on the build quality. Different manufacturers construct speakers differently. But if we’ve to point towards one as the most durable, that will be the 4-ohm speakers.
That’s because 2-ohm speakers come with less resistance to electricity; thus, the overflow of electricity is possible, which can damage the speaker.
But in the case of 4-ohm, these speakers have more resistance to electrical flow, which reduces the chance of electricity overflow.
So, based on that, we think it’s fair to say that 4-ohm speakers can last longer than 2-ohm units.
2-Ohm or 4-Ohm, Which One to Choose?
Go with the 2-ohm speakers if you want loud audio and multiple options to customize the audio. But you’ll have to sacrifice the audio quality.
On the flip side, 4-ohm speakers will give you great audio quality but not the volume and options for customization.
In vehicles, you don’t actually need that much of customizing options. So, if we keep that aside, loud audio vs. quality audio, that’s the trade that you’ll have to make.
With 2-ohm speakers, you might also have to change the amplifier and the car battery, which can increase the cost. Therefore, if you’re on a tight budget, 4-ohm is your best bet.
We’ll be ending this comparison guide of “What is the difference between 2 ohm and 4 ohm car speakers” with a few last words.
Doesn’t matter how loud the speaker is; if the sound quality isn’t up to the mark, then it’s just noise. Even though the 4-ohm unit lacks loudness, its audio quality outweighs that.